HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

 

The Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines

Now and Then… 13 years and counting...

 Atty. Ricardo R. Blancaflor
Director General, IPOPHL
(2010 -  2014)

 

Atty. Ricardo R. Blancaflor was appointed Director General of the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL) on March 2, 2010. As Director General, Atty. Blancaflor is leading IPOPHL to its new vision of an Intellectual Property-conscious Philippines in a demystified, development-oriented,and democratized IP system by 2020.

Director General Blancaflor sits as chair of the Association of South East Asian Nation Working Group on Intellectual Property Cooperation (AWGIPC).

Under his leadership the following initiatives to strengthen IPR protection are being pursued: 

  • Modernization of the technical infrastructure of IPOPHL through the implementation of the Industrial Property Automation System (IPAS) with the assistance of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).   IPAS covers the end-to-end processing of IP (inventions, trademarks, industrial designs, and utility models) applications, from filing to registration, including publications, printing of certificates and post-registration/post-grant management. With IPAS, IPOPHL hopes to be able to deliver timely and quality services.
  • Development and Establishment of a Network of Innovation and Technology Support Offices (ITSOs) or ‘Patent Libraries’ to strengthen local institutional capacity to access patent information and use the patent system. The ITSO hopes to support the development of more IP creation, facilitate IP protection and promote IP utilization. 
    To date, there are 24 Universities and Private Institutions that have signified interest to host ITSOs through signing of a Memorandum of Agreement with IPOPHL.
  • Increased in the number of Intellectual Property Satellite Offices (IPSOs) with the opening of IPSOs in November 2010 in Iloilo City, Cagayan De Oro in January 2011, and in Cagayan Valley in February 2011. IPSOs serve as base for launching IP public awareness campaigns and provide advisory services to IP stakeholders in strategic regions in the country.
  • Renewal of the partnership with the European Patent Office (EPO) through a Memorandum of Understanding  on Bi-Lateral Cooperation that seeks to pursue common co-operation objectives, such as: improved effectiveness of the respective patent system as a useful too for developing innovation-driven economies; enhanced quality and efficiency in the patent granting process, particularly as far as search and examination is concerned; and improved access to patent information and public dissemination thereof; effective use of the patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) to maximize efficiency in the patent granting procedure and to reduce turnaround times, among others.
  • IPOPHL promoted public-private partnerships by forging a number of Memorandum of Understanding with various IP organizations and institutions that have agreed to conduct studies/researches on current and emerging issues on intellectual property. The researches are deemed important inputs in crafting new policies on IP, where applicable.
  • In January 2011, IPOPHL and the Ateneo de Manila Law School (ALS) launched the country’s first Masters of Law Degree in Intellectual Property Law (Ll. M. in IPL). The Ll. M. Program, which will be offered in the Ateneo Law School starting June 2011, is designed for lawyers who wish to acquire the skills required to play a leading role in IP in the country.
    • IPOPHL has made greater  strides in the area of Enforcement through the following strategic actions:
    • Implementation of Speedy and Quality Disposition of IPR Cases filed with the Bureau of Legal Affairs and the establishment of IPR Dispute Resolution Mechanism -
      • Issuance of Office Order No. 186 entitled “Enhancing the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights by Amending Certain Provisions of the Regulations on Administrative Complaints for Violation of Law involving IPRs” (IPV Rules) to            streamline the application for provisional remedies/injunctive relief to immediately restrain blatant violations of IPR
      • Promulgation of Office Order No. 154 entitled the Rules of Procedure for IPO Mediation Proceedings which strengthens the mediation services offered by IPOPHL as alternative dispute resolution mechanism. The Rules took effect on October 21, 2010
    • Adoption of a “Holistic Approach” in Enforcement by the National Committee on Intellectual Property Rights (NCIPR) to address Piracy and Counterfeiting issues in the country. IPOPHL’s initiatives in this area are:
      • Established an Operations Center with hotline no. (0632) 752- 4870 in May 2010 to coordinate and spearhead enforcement
        operations of various law enforcement authorities;
      • Secured the release of P10 Million support fund from the Office of the President (OP) in June 2010 for the operational requirements of the NCIPR;
      • Provided the use of a free to rights holder, during the pendency of IPR violation cases in order to lessen the expenses attendant to enforcement of IP rights;
      • Secured from the Optical Media Board (OMB) and the Bureau of Customs (BOC) the deputization of IPOPHL as agents to have visitorial and inspection powers on optical media products and on imported items, respectively, in violation of the IP Code;
      • Secured the commitment and cooperation of Greenhills Shopping Center’s administration in addressing counterfeiting and piracy problems in the mall.
      • IPOPHL also secured the cooperation of the Muslim Traders Association (MTA), retailers and vendors of counterfeit and pirated products in Greenhills Shopping Center, to cease being co-conspirators in the distribution and sale of the said illegal products by extending assistance in three areas: Credit facility, Education, and Housing. To achieve this, IPOPHL shall seek possible cooperation program with private business organization, like: PCCI, micro finance institutions, and other non government organizations (NGO) for livelihood and social welfare programs.
    • Spearheaded the preparation of the Copyright Bills to implement the WIPO Internet Treaties (House Bill 3841, Senate Bills SB 2431, 2487, and 2628) with a salient feature that will institutionalize copyright support services at IPOPHL by providing for the establishment of a Bureau of Copyright. If approved, the Bureau shall focus on literary and artistic works and its derivatives to serve the needs of copyright owners (artists, writers, and others), copyright-based industries, users, and other stakeholders. The establishment of a dedicated Bureau will also ensure that any issue or dispute on copyright will be swiftly addressed.

 


Atty. Adrian S. Cristobal, Jr.
Director General, IP Philippines
(2005-2009)

 

In February 2005, Atty. Adrian S. Cristobal, Jr. was appointed Director General of the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IP Philippines). Under his watch, Atty. Cristobal shifted IP Philippines’ strategic thrusts towards a developmental approach to intellectual property.

  • 2005 was the start of IPO’s transformation of going beyond regulation and redefining its role by revisiting and changing its vision and mission statements. With the vision: “To foster a creative and innovative Philippines that values, nurtures, and uses intellectual property for national development”, IPO had to play a leadership role in the IP system of the country.
  • By taking a leadership role in the IP system, key actions were taken to organize the new IPO.
      • New Compensation Structure. Since the IP Code provided IP Philippines exemption from the Salary Standardization Law, the agency commissioned the PricewaterHouseCooper (PWC) to conduct a comparative compensation study for IP Philippines, and in consultation with the Civil Service Commission and the Department of Budget and Management, implemented the new structure in 2006.
        • Stringent Performance Evaluation and Monitoring Process. Using the existing Performance Evaluation System of the agency, the organization implemented the system more diligently, including clearly written performance contracts signed off by managers and supervisors.
        • Product line approach. The accountability of the Patent and Trademark bureaus and their heads was a major part in streamlining the operations and business processes as well as for the entire production of their products. This meant placing administrative and operational supervision of the product, from accepting applications to releasing certificates of registration or patent grants, under the accountability of the product head/bureau director.
        • Rationalization Plan (reduced staff from 474 to 282). As directed by the President and consistent with the agency’s mission and strategies, a rationalization plan for a leaner organization was crafted.
        • Harrison Assessment and Training Needs Analysis. A pillar of the mission statement under the IP Philippines Charter, Investing in Human Resources was initiated with an assessment of the agency’s human resources and the identification of the capability building needs of its personnel.
        • Created the Office for Corporate Planning. The existing structure of IP Philippines gave little value to corporate planning. The demands of becoming a self-sustaining agency required enhanced planning capability, which included financial projections. Exercising his authority under the IP Code, the Director General created the Planning Office, as well as other offices, and was placed under his direct supervision.
        • Legal Counsel. The lawyers in OLC served as the counsels of the Director General and his staff, assisting him in exercising his appellate powers over disputes in the lower bureaus.
        • Policy/International Relations. This Office was created to serve as the policy research unit of the IP Philippines to enable the agency in taking the leadership role in domestic and international IP policy. The Unit produced policy papers, studies, comments on legislation, draft bills pertaining to IPR and became the main resource of the country’s Missions in Geneva and in DTI’s bilateral and multilateral trade negotiations.
        • Marketing and Public Relations. Providing information materials, news stories and feature articles, this office gave IP Philippines a public face.
        • Secretariat on IP Inter-Agency Coordination. Directly supervised by the Director General, this unit served as the secretariat of the inter- agency enforcement body of the national government, coordinating the operations of the police, investigators enforcers, and prosecutors of the PNP, NBI, BOC, OMB, and DOJ.
    • “Breaking Ground” best described 2006 for the IPO. Along with the new vision, strategies to improve efficiency and productivity were launched. 2006 was the beginning of IPO to operate within its means and without any government subsidy. It was in this year that a rigorous planning cycle was introduced, productivity incentives were enhanced, and the concepts of “business plans”, “product lines”, “revenue streams”, “fiscal prudence”, marketing and communications”, and branding strategy” ushered in a new “business model” for IP Philippines.
    • In the same year, IPO actively engaged government’s law enforcement sector through the NCIPR, the private sector through the Public-Private Partnership Council for IPR (P3CIPR), as well as a multi-sectoral collaboration through the crafting of the National IP Policy Strategy. Scores of seminars, conferences, and events promoting IPR got the public outreach campaign moving, and IP matters saw print, providing public exposure to the Office.
    • Also, in 2006, the IPO leadership of the IP system was established. Earning the President’s recognition of the NCIPR for its impressive efforts that resulted in the removal of the Philippines from the United States Trade Regulation (USTR) Priority Watch List. The country’s standing was upgraded to Ordinary Watch List from 5 years of being in the Priority Watch List.
    • 2007 was a phase of consolidation and going “back to basics”. “Back to Basics” focused more on the organization. Product line bureaus re-engineered their procedures to reduce backlogs and hasten the “turn-around-time” for processing.
    • Backlogs of pending patents, trademarks, and administrative cases at the Bureau of Legal Affairs (BLA) were substantially reduced. Processing time for these product lines also lessened. Both indicators enhanced the promotions and marketing campaigns, offering improved products and sharper messages.
    • A new logo, with a more modern look and a distinct name, “IP Philippines,” jumpstarted the agency’s branding strategy. The new IP Philippines pulled off a year of revenue growth of 21%.
    • During this year, IPR enforcement was sustained at a remarkable pace, with the NCIPR hauling in almost Php 3M worth of fake goods, surpassing its 2006 haul by 121.56%. Through the inter-agency cohesive efforts, the Philippines retained its Ordinary Watch List status in the USTR Watch list. Partnerships with the private sector, academe, and SMEs expanded. In IP Policy, the multi-sectoral effort to craft a National IP Policy Strategy (NIPS) was formally presented to the President and launched under the umbrella program of the DOST’s “Filipinnovation,” the country’s innovation strategy.
    • 2008 was a “Break through” for IP Philippines after having laid the groundwork of internal change and external leadership from 2005 to 2007.
    • Having firmly established leadership of the IP system, created linkages with a various sectors of society, including “new markets,” IP Philippines looked into expanding its reach to strategic sectors and locations nationwide in 2008. The NIPS project provided a roadmap for policymaking in IPR, which gained momentum in Congress, while the NCIPR sustained law enforcement operations, and simultaneously, focused its sights on capacity building for the Judiciary.

 

    • The Bureau of Trademarks reported a virtual elimination of backlog in pending applications except for a small number of contentious applications stymied by court processes. The Bureau of Patents reported a dramatic increase in applications for Utility Models and Industrial Designs, and all of them from Filipino innovators. Turnaround time for processing likewise improved substantially for all the product lines.
    • Externally, public outreach activities grew by leaps and bounds, with IPR seminars conducted twice a week, on average, throughout the year. Marketing and promotional events filled the 2008 calendar, especially during the months of April (World IP Day), June (IP Code anniversary), and October (Philippine IPR Week). A strategic partnership with the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) opened the gates of over a thousand public and private universities and RDIs to IP and IPR through the University IP Policy Project of IP Philippines.
    • The opening of IP satellite offices (IPSOs) in DTI regional offices in Baguio City (Northern Luzon), Legaspi City (southern Luzon), Angeles City (Central Luzon), Cebu City (Visayas), Davao City and General Santos City (Mindanao) was considered the most strategic breakthrough. The IPSOs serve as the marketing and advocacy arm of IP Philippines in the regions as well as the receiving offices for applications.
    • Strengthening the IPR regime nationwide continued unabated through the NCIPR, with enforcement operations increasing by 17.3-% compared to 2007. Training and capacity building intensified, particularly for the officers of the Court, prosecutors and judges, as part of the strategy to hasten the prosecution of court cases.
    • “Sustaining the gains” was the battle cry for 2009 as the world economy plunged into a major crisis. IP Philippines, along with the rest of the world, had to prepare for the worst. Although the worst was expected and anticipated, there was no room to shrink back the programs and projects of the agency. The external environment and market had been penetrated and demand for IP would only increase.
    • Breakthroughs of the previous year unleashed a momentum favorable to IPR from Northern Luzon to Central Mindanao. Seminars and conferences were conducted in different parts of the country, many of which initiated by partners from government, the private sector and the academe. Universities with IP policies increased fivefold. Strategic partnerships included the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI), with whom IP Philippines gave out the first “IP Innovation Awards.” Local business chambers in the cities of General Santos, Cebu, Davao, Cebu and Legaspi joined the bandwagon.
    • NCIPR, further empowered by EO 736, boosted enforcement operations by 40%, seizing Php 5.6M worth of fake goods. Investments in the Judiciary were paying off with the Supreme Court Chief Justice receiving a draft of the Special IPR Adjudication Rules from the IP community and committing to create special IP courts in the National Capital Region (NCR). A MOA between IP Philippines and the PNP helped the PNP post an increase of 781.93% in its enforcement operations against fake goods.

 

    • Within IP Philippines, trademark and patent examiners traveled to IPSOs around the country to boost marketing and advocacy efforts, resulting in a 9% and 4% increase of local patent and trademark applications, respectively. Turnaround time for all product lines further shortened, improving the agency’s customer service performance. Filings in the Office dropped slightly due to the downturn of the economy, but mitigating measures and filings from IPSOs managed to stem a revenue shortfall. Growth compared to 2008 was -5%. However, net income was more than sufficient to meet all personnel salaries and benefits.
    • 2009 was the first test of IP Philippines in an environment brought about by an economic slowdown, and once again, it survived and succeeded, maintaining expansion, providing sufficient benefits and incentives, while performing its public service mission.
  • The past five years have laid solid foundations for an IP system that truly promotes development and fosters creativity in the country. But to sustain this requires the commitment of the highest government officials in the country, a culture of excellence in IP Philippines, the professionalism of public officials, sustained and active partnership with the IP community, and the strong support of a well-informed public.

 



 Atty. Emma Carino Francisco
Director General, IPO
(1998-2004)

 

  • On February 16, 1998, Atty. Emma Carino Francisco, the last serving Director of the Bureau of Patents, Trademarks, and Technology Transfer (BPTT) became the first Director General of the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines. By virtue of Republic Act 8293 or the Intellectual Property Code that took effect on January 1, 1998, the Intellectual Property Office was created, establishing its powers and functions.

 

  • In 1998 and 1999, activities to smoothly effect a transition from the old system of first-to-invent to the first-to-file system were undertaken. In 1998, ad hoc functions and interim steps were taken to ensure the protection of substantive rights already existing prior to the Code as well as those arising from the effectivity of the Code. Alongside the preparation of the organizational structure of the IPO, the formulation of the Rules and Regulations (IRRs) to implement the Code was undertaken.
  • In 1998, a series of seminars/workshops were conducted to immediately disseminate to the public the provisions of the Code and the newly-issued IRRs. An in-house seminar/workshop on the IRRs was also conducted to better equip IPO personnel to provide competent and efficient services to the public.
  • The initiative to raise public awareness on the Code and the IRRs through seminars/workshops continued in 1999. A total of 14 seminar/workshops in various regions were conducted.
  • In addition to IPO-organized activities, the Office also coordinated and co-organized with other government agencies, private and government-run universities/technical schools, and international organizations, among others, additional information dissemination activities. A total of 25 of such additional seminars in 1998 and 32 in 1999 were conducted.
  • In 1998, the IPO took the lead in involving relevant copyright stakeholders (authors, composers, performers, broadcasters) in the formulation of the Philippine position on the provisions of a draft protocol to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Performances and Phonogram Treaty (WPPT), one of the so-called “INTERNET TREATIES”. This new initiative started in January 1998 when initial consultations were made with representatives from associations of musical performers and composers. The working relationship established with copyright owners continued in 1999 with frequent consultations on the WIPO Internet Treaties.
  • The IPO logo and webpage was launched on October 26, 1998 at the Development Academy of the Philippines, Pasig City. Enhancements are forthcoming. The ultimate goal is to provide the public access to the patent and trademark databases in the internet and facilitate on-line filing of applications, the IPO’s way of making e-commerce a reality in the Philippines.
  • The IPO negotiated the following cooperation agreements relating to the modernization of the administration of intellectual property in the Philippines:

 

    • Project-Type Technical Cooperation for Modernization of Industrial Property Administration

The Project-Type Technical Cooperation is a joint IPO-JICA undertaking    which aims to improve the administration of patent through computerization.

The Minutes of Discussion (M/D) for the Project Type Technical Cooperation Agreement with Japan through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) was signed on October 14, 1998. This was followed by the formal signing of the Record of Discussions (R/D) of the    Project-Type Technical Cooperation for the Modernization of Industrial Property Administration on January 14, 1999. The four-year project started on May 17, 1999.

 

    • RP-EU Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on IP Cooperation Programme

The RP-EU Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on IP Cooperation Programme was signed by DTI Secretary Jose Trinidad Pardo on February 16, 1999. Unlike the previous ECASEAN Patent and Trademark Programme (ECAP), the MOU, which will run for five (5) years, will cover IP areas other than patents and trademark, and will benefit not only the IPO but also the public and private sectors including the academe.

 

    • IPO-EPO Bilateral Cooperation

In February 1999, the IPO and the EPO agreed to undertake mutually beneficial activities under a bilateral arrangement. Pursuant to the IPO’s thrust to enhance the patent system, a bilateral program is being undertaken to create the IPO Manual for Patent Examination. This manual will standardize the examination practice of Philippine patent examiners, serve as a guide for applicants and patent agents on the filing and prosecution of patent applications, increase the transparency of the examination process, and help ensure that Philippine patents meet world standards.

  • With the end in view of harmonizing the Philippine IP system with the rest of the world, cooperation on intellectual property was pursued with foreign governments and institutions. Thus, active involvement in and performance of our international commitments was done through:

 

    • Chairmanship of the ASEAN Working Group on Intellectual Property Cooperation from July 1997 to November 1999

During the Fifth Meeting of the Experts Groups on Patents and Trademarks on August 3-6, 1999 in Kanchanaburi, Thailand, the Philippine Concept Paper on ASEAN Regional Patent Application System or ARPAS was presented and considered. This action is a major step initiated by the Philippines to further strengthen its commitment to the setting up of the ASEAN Patent System.

 

    • Co-Chairmanship of the ASEAN-EU Ad Hoc Experts Group on Intellectual Property from 1997 to 1999

Continued dialogues were undertaken in the ASEAN-EU Ad Hoc Experts Group on Intellectual Property to attain the following objectives: the exchange of information in the area of intellectual property legislation, procedures, enforcement; the development of structures in the context of TRIPs; and the improvement of intellectual property protection in both regions.

      • Representation in the APEC Intellectual Property Experts Group

        The Philippines was actively represented in the APEC IP Experts Group’s discussions covering the following:
        • harmonization of laws
        • simplification of filing procedures
        • adoption of electronic forms and means of transmission of applications
        • emerging IP issues brought about by e-commerce and the Internet enhancement of rights, specifically in the area of copyright for authors, performers, producers of phonograms and audiovisual works under the WIPO Internet Treaties including benefits that small and medium enterprises derive from the IP system.
      • Other major activities in 1999 include:

        As a culminating activity for 1999, the IPO conducted a Seminar/Workshop on the IP Code and the Regulations for Patent Attorneys and Patent Agents on December 10, 1999. 
        • Conduct of a Seminar/Workshop on the Drafting of Patent Applications on February 16 to 17, 1999. The Seminar focused on the preparation of patent specification, one of the critical elements of patent applications. Local and foreign experts in the field of intellectual property served as lecturers. The IPO in cooperation with the European Patent Office and the Philippine Association of Certified Patent Agents (PACPA) sponsored the event.
        • Transfer of IPO to its new site on July 19, 1999 in order to provide sufficient space for the records as well as more humane working environment for its personnel.
        • Holding of the 12th Meeting of the ASEAN Working Group on Intellectual Property Cooperation (WGIPC) on November 9 to 12, 1999.
        • Active participation of IPO in the formulation of the Industry Chapter on the Medium Term Development Plan of the Philippines whereby projects to effectively implement and enforce IPRs were proposed and included. (The Medium Term Development Plan is one of the bases for budget projections of government offices).
        • Development of the National Action Agenda for Productivity, with the IPO actively participating in the deliberation and formulation of plans and programs under the Science and Technology Chapter.
        • Holding of the 1999 IPR Week Celebration from October 25 to 29 with the theme: “Talinong Pinoy: Igalang, Tangkilikin.” The major activities organized by IPO during the celebration were:
        • Sixth Japan-ASEAN Symposium on Intellectual Property held on October 25-26. The symposium discussed the “Role of the Patent System in Industrial Development in the ASEAN Region.” This was co-sponsored with the Japan Institute of Invention and Innovation and attended by some 150 participants from both government and private sectors.
        • ASEAN Sub-Regional Colloquium on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights in the Context of the TRIPS Agreement (co-organized with WIPO) held on October 27-29. The Colloquium provided the opportunity for the Philippines and other ASEAN countries to review compliance with the GATT/WTO TRIPS Agreement, specifically in the area of enforcement. The participants totaling 188 were composed of judges and prosecutors from ASEAN countries, Filipino IP owners, practitioners, businessmen and representatives from the academe.
        • IPO Exhibit at the IPO Building, Makati City. The exhibit displayed some of the outstanding Filipino inventions, local trademarks that have earned world-class distinctions and local franchising businesses. A portion of the exhibit sought to distinguish counterfeit products placed side by side with the authentic products.
        • General Assembly entitled “Day of Silence” on October 28. The Assembly is a joint activity of the private sector and the government to emphasize the rights of owners of intellectual property. On the same day, pirated and counterfeit products were destroyed at the parking area of the IPO Building to demonstrate and underscore the government’s stepped-up drive against piracy and counterfeiting.
      • In year 2000, the IPO aggressively pursued its modernization program. The following IT-related projects primarily focused on improving the administration of patents and trademarks, including the IPO’s extended capabilities to serve its clients through the website and internet systems:
      • PACSYS or Patent Administration Computerized System – A computer-based system now running in a networking platform across IPO or the concerned Bureaus covering the business processes from filing to grant or registration of patent or invention, utility model and design applications, including fee management and patent legal systems.
      • PACRES or Patent Application Computerized Retrieval System

        – a stand-alone computer-based recording and monitoring system was updated and enhanced to ensure a smooth transition period from PACRES to PACSYS
      • TM Image Search System or TISS (currently under testing stage) – the project which was undertaken with WIPO through the Japan-Funds-In-Trust is linked to the existing TM Word Search System of the TEAMS or TM Electronic Application Management System (TEAMS).
      • Enhancement of the administration system component of TEAMS - this system fully automates, in a networking platform, the IPO’s trademark administration system from filing to registration of trademark applications, including post-grant registry and fee management. Pending applications’ bibliographic and image database systems will be established.
      • IPO’s Internet System - installed and made operational to provide internet access to examiners, and assist them in their prior art search and substantive examination, especially of foreign applications. The new IPO web site, http://ipophilippines.gov.ph, is now hosted by the said internet system.
      • The pursuit of a legislative agenda to strengthen the backbone of the intellectual property system in the country was persistently undertaken resulting in:
        • The ratification of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) by the Senate on 5 February 2001; and
        • The passage of the bill protecting layout-designs of integrated circuits which was enacted by President Gloria Macapagal on August 1, 2001.

Philippine initiatives and concerns were articulated in these fora:

      • APEC/IPEG (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation/Intellectual Property Experts Group) where the Philippines through the IPO was identified as one of the lead member economies, together with Japan, Australia, Mexico and Thailand, in the area of IP enforcement.
      • ASEAN WGIPC (Working Group on Intellectual Property Cooperation) where the IPO actively pursued the establishment of an ASEAN Patent Office and the adoption of the common ASEAN Filing Forms for Patents and for trademarks.
      • Diplomatic Conferences on the Patent Law Treaty and on the Protection of Audiovisual Performances where the IPO took the lead in involving concerned stakeholders in the formulation of the Philippine position and negotiation during the diplomatic conference.
        • Agreements were likewise forged with other countries to strengthen the Philippine IP system:
      • RP-Japan cooperation covering the implementation of IT Projects through the Japan International Cooperation Agency and Japanese Patent Office.
      • RP-EU-bilateral Agreement which aims to improve and enhance the IP system in the country.
    • AGILE which assists in the drafting of the implementing rules and regulations to strengthen enforcement along the borders.

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